One of St Petersburg's most interesting buildings is Nikolayev’s House. The House is located on Sadovaya Street and occupies the whole block between Bankovsky and Muchnoi Lanes.Only by taking a closer look, you notice that this unique building is a one single house, as there are so many styles in its different parts (however, what also makes this building so unique, is that it has four addresses: Muchnoi Lane, 4, Sadovaya st., 5, Bankovsky Lane, 5 and Moskatelniy Lane, 3.
At first, the building was erected by an unknown architect in the late 18th century in the style of classicism; you can see it in triangular pediment of the building.
In 1842 the architect Levin A.M. added an arcade to the house for placing shops on Sadovaya Street. The name of Sadovaya Street dates back to the 18th century, when it was build up with private residence and manors with extensive gardens and orchards. There has always been an active trade.
A new large-scale reconstruction designed by the architect Volnov P.N. followed in 1879-1880. The initially-open arcade was glazed and the façade overlooking Muchnoi Lane was rebuild in the style of eclecticism popular in those days.
However, it wasn’t the last change in house’s life. In 1903 architect Lutsedarskiy G. I. rebuilt the corner of the building. The county being keen on modernist style, the architect decorated the space of the pedestal between windows with the sculptures of girl’s heads.
But that wasn’t the end! In 1915 one more floor was overbuild.
Now it’s hard to imagine, that it’s one house, not three. The Nikolayv’s House became a monument of three styles that reigned in Russia from 18th century to the beginning of 20th century, as well as to two Gods, to whom people always faithfully serve – gold and fashion.
At the beginning of 20th century the Sytin’s I. D. book shop was located on the ground floor, he was famous Russian businessman, publisher and educator.
In the early twentieth century Sytin had a wide chain of bookstores across Russia, two of them were in Petrograd, bringing the owner of a very decent income.
However, Sytin did not spoil his workers much as he was very tightfisted. He estimated that punctuation marks represent about 12% of the set, so he decided to pay compositors only for the typed letters. It wasn’t a surprise that the indignation of the workers pushed the owner their requirements - to reduce the working day to 9 hours and increase payment. Sytin agreed to reduce working hours, but his order – to not pay for punctuation marks – upheld. The idea was picked up by workers from other plants and factories. After that, in the salons of St. Petersburg was said that the All-Russian strikes in 1905 happened "due Sytinskaya point."
In 1917 all Sytin’s enterprises and shops were nationalized, and the Nikolayev’s house opened up a new period of its history.
In 2001 the house was put on the list of newly identifies objects of historical scientific artistic or rather cultural value.
August 2015 became the next millstone in the history of the unique building, when it housed an absolutely new and cozy Kravt Hotel.